Emotional Volatility: Feelings of being stuck in the trauma with heightened emotions and skepticism.
Emotional Detachment: A tendency to be emotionally detached and intolerant of perceived weakness, often coupled with a reluctance to discuss the trauma (a 'conspiracy of silence').
Heightened Anxiety and Guilt: Increased feelings of vulnerability and helplessness.
Low Self-Esteem: This can be accompanied by depression and anxiety.
Substance Abuse: A higher likelihood of substance use as a coping mechanism.
Difficulty in Relationships: Challenges with forming attachments and maintaining relationships.
Extreme Reactivity to Stress: Including symptoms like hypervigilance and intrusive thoughts.